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Interjections are an essential part of language, adding emotion, emphasis, and expression to our conversations. In German, interjections play a significant role in conveying feelings, reactions, and attitudes. Let’s look into how these interjections can enhance your speech and communication.

Understanding Interjections in German

In German, interjections are words or phrases used to express emotions, reactions, or sentiments in a conversation. They often stand alone and don’t necessarily follow the grammatical rules of a sentence. Instead, they serve to convey a speaker’s feelings or attitude towards a situation. Whether it’s surprise, joy, frustration, or agreement, interjections provide color and depth to communication.

 

Common German Interjections

Here are some common German interjections along with their meanings and usage examples:

1. “Ja!” (Yes!)

  • Meaning: Affirmation or agreement.
  • Eksempel: “Ja! Ich stimme dir zu.” (Yes! I agree with you.)

 

2. “Nein!” (No!)

  • Meaning: Denial or disagreement.
  • Eksempel: “Nein! Das ist nicht richtig.” (No! That’s not correct.)

 

3. “Ach!” (Oh!)

  • Meaning: Surprise, realization, or understanding.
  • Eksempel: “Ach! Jetzt verstehe ich.” (Oh! Now I understand.)

 

4. “Halt!” (Stop!)

  • Meaning: Command to halt or stop.
  • Eksempel: “Halt! Hier ist die Grenze.” (Stop! Here is the border.)

 

5. “Prost!” (Cheers!)

  • Meaning: Toasting, often before drinking.
  • Eksempel: “Prost! Auf unser Wohl!” (Cheers! To our health!)

 

6. “Danke!” (Thank you!)

  • Meaning: Expressing gratitude.
  • Eksempel: “Danke! Das ist sehr nett von dir.” (Thank you! That’s very kind of you.)

 

7. “Puh!” (Phew!)

  • Meaning: Relief, exhaustion, or exasperation.
  • Eksempel: “Puh! Das war knapp.” (Phew! That was close.)

 

8. “Oh!” (Oh!)

  • Meaning: Surprise, realization, or empathy.
  • Eksempel: “Oh! Das tut mir leid.” (Oh! I’m sorry to hear that.)