Gids voor Duitse Bijwoorden: Gebruik en plaatsing

German adverbs play a crucial role in shaping the meaning of sentences by providing information about how, when, or where an action occurs. Understanding their usage and positioning is essential for constructing coherent and precise sentences in German. In this guide, we’ll look into the various aspects of using adverbs in German sentences, along with examples to illustrate their application.


Usage of German Adverbs

German adverbs can modify verbs, adjectives, other adverbs, or entire clauses, serving to specify the manner, time, place, degree, or frequency of an action or state. Here are some common types of German adverbs and their usage:


1. Manner Adverbs

  • Manner adverbs describe how an action is performed.
  • Voorbeeld: Sie spricht leise. (She speaks softly.)


2. Time Adverbs

  • Time adverbs indicate when an action takes place.
  • Voorbeeld: Er kommt morgen. (He is coming tomorrow.)


3. Place Adverbs

  • Place adverbs specify where an action occurs.
  • Voorbeeld: Ich gehe dort hin. (I’m going there.)


4. Degree Adverbs

  • Degree adverbs express the intensity or extent of an action.
  • Voorbeeld: Sie ist sehr klug. (She is very smart.)


5. Frequency Adverbs

  • Frequency adverbs indicate how often an action occurs.
  • Voorbeeld: Er geht manchmal ins Kino. (He goes to the cinema sometimes.)


Positioning of German Adverbs

The positioning of adverbs in German sentences can vary depending on the type of adverb and the context of the sentence. Here are some general guidelines:


1. End Position

  • Most adverbs are placed at the end of the clause or sentence.
  • Voorbeeld: Ich lese das Buch oft. (I often read the book.)


2. Beginning Position

  • Adverbs of time and frequency often appear at the beginning of a sentence.
  • Voorbeeld: Heute gehe ich einkaufen. (Today I am going shopping.)


3. Mid Position

  • Adverbs usually precede the verb they modify, but they can also appear after the first conjugated verb in a compound verb construction.
  • Voorbeeld: Sie tanzt gerne. (She likes to dance.)