“Comprendre” – Conjugation of the French Verb

Comprendre, a commonly used French verb, means “to understand” in English. Like many verbs in the French language, comprendre is conjugated differently depending on the subject and tense. In this article, we will explore the conjugation of comprendre in various tenses and moods, providing examples to help you grasp its usage more effectively.


Present Tense (Présent)

In the present tense, comprendre is conjugated as follows:

– Je comprends (I understand)
– Tu comprends (You understand)
– Il/elle/on comprend (He/she/one understands)
– Nous comprenons (We understand)
– Vous comprenez (You understand)
– Ils/elles comprennent (They understand)

Example sentences in the present tense:

1. Je comprends bien le français. (I understand French well.)
2. Elle comprend les instructions. (She understands the instructions.)


Past Tenses (Passé Composé and Imparfait)


Passé Composé

To express actions that happened in the past, you can use the passé composé tense. It is formed with the auxiliary verb “avoir” and the past participle of comprendre, which is “compris.”

– J’ai compris (I understood)
– Tu as compris (You understood)
– Il/elle/on a compris (He/she/one understood)
– Nous avons compris (We understood)
– Vous avez compris (You understood)
– Ils/elles ont compris (They understood)

Example sentences in the passé composé:

1. J’ai compris le film hier soir. (I understood the movie last night.)
2. Elles ont compris la leçon. (They understood the lesson.)



The imparfait tense is used to describe ongoing or habitual actions in the past. To conjugate comprendre in the imparfait, follow these endings:

– Je comprenais (I was understanding/I used to understand)
– Tu comprenais (You were understanding/You used to understand)
– Il/elle/on comprenait (He/she/one was understanding/used to understand)
– Nous comprenions (We were understanding/We used to understand)
– Vous compreniez (You were understanding/You used to understand)
– Ils/elles comprenaient (They were understanding/They used to understand)

Example sentences in the imparfait:

1. Quand j’étais jeune, je comprenais mieux les mathématiques. (When I was young, I understood math better.)
2. Elle comprenait toujours mes problèmes. (She always understood my problems.)


Future Tense (Futur Simple)

To talk about actions that will happen in the future, you can use the futur simple tense. Conjugate comprendre as follows:

– Je comprendrai (I will understand)
– Tu comprendras (You will understand)
– Il/elle/on comprendra (He/she/one will understand)
– Nous comprendrons (We will understand)
– Vous comprendrez (You will understand)
– Ils/elles comprendront (They will understand)

Example sentences in the futur simple:

1. Je comprendrai mieux après l’explication. (I will understand better after the explanation.)
2. Ils comprendront la situation demain. (They will understand the situation tomorrow.)


10 example sentences with the word “comprendre”

Here are 10 example sentences with the word “comprendre” in different grammatical tenses:

  1. Je comprends bien cette leçon. – Present tense
  2. (I understand this lesson well.)
  3. Il a compris son erreur. – Past tense
  4. (He understood his mistake.)
  5. Elle comprendra la réponse plus tard. – Future tense
  6. (She will understand the answer later.)
  7. Nous comprenions le problème hier. – Imperfect tense
  8. (We understood the problem yesterday.)
  9. Vous comprenez la situation actuelle. – Present tense
  10. (You understand the current situation.)
  11. Tu as compris le message, n’est-ce pas ? – Present perfect tense
  12. (You have understood the message, haven’t you?)
  13. Ils comprendront mieux après l’explication. – Future tense
  14. (They will understand better after the explanation.)
  15. Elles avaient compris la difficulté avant nous. – Pluperfect tense
  16. (They had understood the difficulty before us.)
  17. On comprendrait la signification avec plus d’informations. – Conditional tense
  18. (We would understand the meaning with more information.)
  19. Je comprendrais si tu ne veux pas. – Conditional tense
  20. (I would understand if you don’t want to.)