“Kommen” – Conjugation of the German Verb

The verb “kommen” in German translates to “to come” in English. It’s an essential verb in everyday communication, and mastering its conjugation is crucial for anyone learning the language. In this article, we’ll look into the conjugation of “kommen” across various grammatical tenses.


Present Tense

In the present tense, “kommen” conjugates as follows:

1. Ich komme (I come)
2. Du kommst (You come)
3. Er/sie/es kommt (He/she/it comes)
4. Wir kommen (We come)
5. Ihr kommt (You come)
6. Sie kommen (They come)


Simple Past Tense

The simple past tense, also known as the “imperfect” or “preterite” tense, is used less frequently in spoken German but is still important to know. The conjugation of “kommen” in the simple past tense is:

1. Ich kam (I came)
2. Du kamst (You came)
3. Er/sie/es kam (He/she/it came)
4. Wir kamen (We came)
5. Ihr kamt (You came)
6. Sie kamen (They came)


Perfect Tense

The perfect tense is formed using the auxiliary verb “haben” (to have) or “sein” (to be) along with the past participle of “kommen”, which is “gekommen”. Here’s how it conjugates:

1. Ich bin gekommen (I have come)
2. Du bist gekommen (You have come)
3. Er/sie/es ist gekommen (He/she/it has come)
4. Wir sind gekommen (We have come)
5. Ihr seid gekommen (You have come)
6. Sie sind gekommen (They have come)


Pluperfect Tense

The pluperfect tense is used to indicate an action that had already been completed before another past action. It’s formed using the auxiliary verb “haben” or “sein” in the past tense, followed by the past participle of “kommen”. The conjugation is as follows:

1. Ich war gekommen (I had come)
2. Du warst gekommen (You had come)
3. Er/sie/es war gekommen (He/she/it had come)
4. Wir waren gekommen (We had come)
5. Ihr wart gekommen (You had come)
6. Sie waren gekommen (They had come)


Future Tense

In German, the future tense can be formed using the auxiliary verb “werden” (to become) followed by the infinitive form of the main verb. The conjugation of “kommen” in the future tense looks like this:

1. Ich werde kommen (I will come)
2. Du wirst kommen (You will come)
3. Er/sie/es wird kommen (He/she/it will come)
4. Wir werden kommen (We will come)
5. Ihr werdet kommen (You will come)
6. Sie werden kommen (They will come)


Conditional Tense

The conditional tense in German is formed using the auxiliary verb “würde” (would) followed by the infinitive form of the main verb. Here’s how “kommen” conjugates in the conditional tense:

1. Ich würde kommen (I would come)
2. Du würdest kommen (You would come)
3. Er/sie/es würde kommen (He/she/it would come)
4. Wir würden kommen (We would come)
5. Ihr würdet kommen (You would come)
6. Sie würden kommen (They would come)