“Haben” in Present Tense

In German grammar, verbs undergo conjugation to match different subjects and tenses. One fundamental verb is “haben”, which means “to have” in English. Understanding its conjugation and usage in the present tense is essential for mastering German communication.


Conjugation of “Haben” in Present Tense

In the present tense, “haben” is conjugated differently depending on the subject. Here’s how it looks:

  • ich habe (I have)
  • du hast (you have)
  • er/sie/es hat (he/she/it has)
  • wir haben – we have
  • ihr habt /you have)
  • sie/Sie haben (they/you have)


Usage of “Haben” in Present Tense

“Haben” is widely used in German to express possession or ownership, as well as in various idiomatic expressions. Here are some examples:

1. Possession:
Ich habe einen Hund. (I have a dog.)
Sie hat ein Auto. (She has a car.)
Hast du meine Schlüssel? (Do you have my keys?)

2. Family Relationships:
Wir haben zwei Kinder. (We have two children.)
Hast du Geschwister? (Do you have siblings?)
Meine Eltern haben ein Haus. (My parents have a house.)

3. Age:
Wie alt bist du? – Ich bin 25 Jahre alt. (How old are you? – I am 25 years old.)
Er hat nur fünf Jahre Erfahrung. (He has only five years of experience.)

4. Feelings and Sensations:
Ich habe Hunger. (I am hungry.)
Sie hat Angst vor Spinnen. (She is afraid of spiders.)
Wir haben Spaß beim Tanzen. (We have fun dancing.)

5. Expressions:
Ich habe Recht. (I am right.)
Hast du Zeit? (Do you have time?)
Sie haben Glück im Leben. (They are lucky in life.)


Examples in Sentences

Here are some examples where “haben” is used in present tense sentences:

  1. Ich habe eine Schwester. (I have a sister.)
  2. Du hast einen neuen Job. (You have a new job.)
  3. Er hat einen interessanten Buch. (He has an interesting book.)
  4. Sie hat einen roten Pullover. (She has a red sweater.)
  5. Wir haben einen Termin beim Arzt. (We have an appointment with the doctor.)
  6. Ihr habt ein großes Haus. (You have a big house.)
  7. Sie haben viele Freunde. (They have many friends.)
  8. Haben Sie eine Frage? (Do you have a question? – formal)
  9. Habt ihr eure Hausaufgaben gemacht? (Have you done your homework? – informal)
  10. Die Kinder haben Spaß im Park. (The children are having fun in the park.)

These examples showcase various contexts in which “haben” is used in present tense sentences, emphasizing possession, relationships, experiences, and more.


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