“Faire” – Conjugation of the French Verb

One of the most frequently used and versatile verbs in French is “faire.” Whether you’re expressing an action, an obligation, or even the weather, “faire” plays a significant role. In this article, we will look into the conjugation of this essential verb, exploring its various tenses and forms.


About The Verb “Faire”

“Faire” is an irregular verb, which means it doesn’t follow the regular conjugation patterns of -er, -ir, or -re verbs in French. Irregular verbs have unique forms in various tenses, making them essential to learn individually. “Faire” translates to “to do” or “to make” in English, but its usage goes far beyond these simple translations.


Present Tense (Présent)

Let’s start with the present tense of “faire,” which is used to describe ongoing actions, habitual actions, and general truths. Here’s how you conjugate “faire” in the present tense:

– Je fais (I do/make)
– Tu fais (You do/make)
– Il/Elle/On fait (He/She/One does/makes)
– Nous faisons (We do/make)
– Vous faites (You do/make)
– Ils/Elles font (They do/make)

For example:

– Je fais du café tous les matins. (I make coffee every morning.)
– Ils font leurs devoirs ensemble. (They do their homework together.)


Past Tenses (Passé Composé, Imparfait, and Plus-que-parfait)

The past tenses of “faire” are used to describe actions that occurred in the past. Here are the conjugations for the past tenses:


1. Passé Composé (Compound Past):

To form the passé composé, you need the auxiliary verb “avoir” and the past participle of “faire,” which is “fait.”
– J’ai fait (I did/made)
– Tu as fait (You did/made)
– Il/Elle/On a fait (He/She/One did/made)
– Nous avons fait (We did/made)
– Vous avez fait (You did/made)
– Ils/Elles ont fait (They did/made)

For example:

– J’ai fait mes devoirs hier soir. (I did my homework last night.)
– Elle a fait un gâteau délicieux. (She made a delicious cake.)


2. Imparfait (Imperfect):

The imperfect tense is used for describing ongoing actions or states in the past.

– Je faisais (I was doing/making)
– Tu faisais (You were doing/making)
– Il/Elle/On faisait (He/She/One was doing/making)
– Nous faisions (We were doing/making)
– Vous faisiez (You were doing/making)
– Ils/Elles faisaient (They were doing/making)

For example:

– Quand j’étais jeune, je faisais du vélo tous les jours. (When I was young, I used to ride my bike every day.)


3. Plus-que-parfait (Pluperfect):

The plus-que-parfait is used to describe actions that occurred before another past action.

– J’avais fait (I had done/made)
– Tu avais fait (You had done/made)
– Il/Elle/On avait fait (He/She/One had done/made)
– Nous avions fait (We had done/made)
– Vous aviez fait (You had done/made)
– Ils/Elles avaient fait (They had done/made)

For example:

– Quand je suis arrivé, elle avait déjà fait le ménage. (When I arrived, she had already cleaned the house.)


Future and Conditional Tenses (Futur Simple and Conditionnel Présent)

The future and conditional tenses of “faire” are used to express actions that may happen in the future or hypothetical actions. Here are the conjugations:


1. Futur Simple (Simple Future):

– Je ferai (I will do/make)
– Tu feras (You will do/make)
– Il/Elle/On fera (He/She/One will do/make)
– Nous ferons (We will do/make)
– Vous ferez (You will do/make)
– Ils/Elles feront (They will do/make)

For example:

– Demain, je ferai les courses. (Tomorrow, I will do the shopping.)


2. Conditionnel Présent (Present Conditional):

– Je ferais (I would do/make)
– Tu ferais (You would do/make)
– Il/Elle/On ferait (He/She/One would do/make)
– Nous ferions (We would do/make)
– Vous feriez (You would do/make)
– Ils/Elles feraient (They would do/make)

For example:

– Si j’avais plus de temps, je ferais du sport tous les jours. (If I had more time, I would do sports every day.)