“Andare” – Conjugation of the Italian Verb

In Italian, mastering verb conjugations is essential for effective communication. One of the most commonly used verbs, “andare” (to go), exemplifies this importance. Let’s look into the conjugation of “andare” across various tenses and moods.

Present Tense

In the present tense, “andare” conjugates as follows:

  • Io vado (I go)
  • Tu vai (You go)
  • Lui/lei va (He/she goes)
  • Noi andiamo (We go)
  • Voi andate (You all go)
  • Loro vanno (They go)

Imperfect Tense

In the imperfect tense, the conjugation of “andare” changes slightly:

  • Io andavo (I used to go)
  • Tu andavi (You used to go)
  • Lui/lei andava (He/she used to go)
  • Noi andavamo (We used to go)
  • Voi andavate (You all used to go)
  • Loro andavano (They used to go)

Future Tense

Looking ahead to the future, here’s how “andare” conjugates:

  • Io andrò (I will go)
  • Tu andrai (You will go)
  • Lui/lei andrà (He/she will go)
  • Noi andremo (We will go)
  • Voi andrete (You all will go)
  • Loro andranno (They will go)

Conditional Mood

When expressing possibility or hypothetical situations, the conditional mood comes into play:

  • Io andrei (I would go)
  • Tu andresti (You would go)
  • Lui/lei andrebbe (He/she would go)
  • Noi andremmo (We would go)
  • Voi andreste (You all would go)
  • Loro andrebbero (They would go)

Subjunctive Mood

In situations of doubt, desire, or uncertainty, the subjunctive mood is used:

  • Che io vada (That I go)
  • Che tu vada (That you go)
  • Che lui/lei vada (That he/she goes)
  • Che noi andiamo (That we go)
  • Che voi andiate (That you all go)
  • Che loro vadano (That they go)

Imperative Mood

When giving commands or instructions, the imperative mood is employed:

  • Tu va (Go!)
  • Noi andiamo (Let’s go!)
  • Voi andate (You all go!)

Participle and Gerund

The participle of “andare” is “andato” (gone), while the gerund is “andando” (going).

Infinitive and Past Participle

The infinitive form of “andare” is simply “andare”, and its past participle is “andato.”

Compound Tenses

Compound tenses such as the passato prossimo (present perfect) and trapassato prossimo (past perfect) are formed using the auxiliary verb “essere” (to be) along with the past participle “andato.”

Examples of Usage

Here are some examples of how the verb “andare” can be used in context:

  1. Present Tense:

    • Io vado al supermercato ogni giorno. (I go to the supermarket every day.)
    • Marco va a scuola in autobus. (Marco goes to school by bus.)
  2. Imperfect Tense:

    • Da bambino, andavo spesso al parco giochi. (As a child, I used to go to the playground often.)
    • Lei andava sempre al cinema il sabato sera. (She used to go to the movies every Saturday night.)
  3. Future Tense:

    • Domani andrò al museo con i miei amici. (Tomorrow I will go to the museum with my friends.)
    • Quando sarai libero, andrai al concerto con noi? (When you are free, will you go to the concert with us?)
  4. Conditional Mood:

    • Se avessi tempo, andrei in vacanza in montagna. (If I had time, I would go on vacation in the mountains.)
    • Andrea andrebbe al concerto se avesse i soldi. (Andrea would go to the concert if he had the money.)
  5. Subjunctive Mood:

    • È importante che tu vada dal dottore. (It’s important that you go to the doctor.)
    • I miei genitori vogliono che io vada all’università. (My parents want me to go to university.)
  6. Imperative Mood:

    • Va’ al negozio e compra il latte. (Go to the store and buy some milk.)
    • Andiamo tutti insieme alla festa! (Let’s all go to the party together!)

These examples showcase the versatility of the verb “andare” in expressing various actions, intentions, and possibilities in Italian.