Classi di parole tedesche: Sostantivi, verbi, aggettivi, avverbi e preposizioni

Understanding the various word classes in German is fundamental for grasping the structure and meaning of sentences. In this article, we’ll look into five key word classes: Nouns, Verbs, Adjectives, Adverbs, and Prepositions.

Sostantivi

Nouns in German are the names of people, places, things, or abstract concepts. They can be preceded by definite articles (“der,” “die,” “das”) or indefinite articles (“ein,” “eine”).

Examples of German nouns:

  • Haus (casa)
  • Hund (dog)
  • Freiheit (libertà)

Verbi

Verbs are action words that indicate what the subject of the sentence is doing. They undergo conjugation to match the subject’s person and number.

Examples of German verbs:

  • gehen (per andare)
  • essen (mangiare)
  • schlafen (per dormire)

Aggettivi

Adjectives in German describe or modify nouns. They agree with the gender, number, and case of the noun they are describing.

Examples of German adjectives:

  • groß (grande)
  • schön (bello)
  • schnell (veloce)

Avverbi

Adverbs in German modify verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs. They provide information about the manner, place, time, degree, or frequency of an action or quality.

Examples of German adverbs:

  • schnell (rapidamente)
  • hier (here)
  • oft (often)

Preposizioni

Prepositions in German establish relationships between different elements in a sentence, such as the relationship between a noun and a verb or between two nouns.

Examples of German prepositions:

  • in (in, dentro)
  • auf (on, onto)
  • neben (beside, next to)