Konjugation av det franska verbet "Pouvoir"

One of the most essential and versatile verbs in French is “pouvoir,” which means “to be able to” or “can.” Understanding how to conjugate “pouvoir” is crucial for effective communication in French, as it is used to express various abilities, possibilities, and permissions. In this article, we will explore the conjugation of the verb “pouvoir” in different tenses and moods.

 

Presens indikativ

In the present indicative tense, “pouvoir” is conjugated as follows:

– Je peux (I can)
– Tu peux (You can)
– Il/elle/on peut (He/she/one can)
– Nous pouvons (We can)
– Vous pouvez (You can)
– Ils/elles peuvent (They can)

 

Imperfekt indikativ tempus

The imperfect indicative tense is used to describe actions that occurred repeatedly or were ongoing in the past. To conjugate “pouvoir” in this tense, follow these forms:

– Je pouvais (I could)
– Tu pouvais (You could)
– Il/elle/on pouvait (He/she/one could)
– Nous pouvions (We could)
– Vous pouviez (You could)
– Ils/elles pouvaient (They could)

 

Framtida indikativ tempus

To express future actions or possibilities, you can use the future indicative tense of “pouvoir.” Here are the conjugations:

– Je pourrai (I will be able to)
– Tu pourras (You will be able to)
– Il/elle/on pourra (He/she/one will be able to)
– Nous pourrons (We will be able to)
– Vous pourrez (You will be able to)
– Ils/elles pourront (They will be able to)

 

Villkorlig stämning

In the conditional mood, “pouvoir” is used to express hypothetical situations or polite requests. The conjugations are as follows:

– Je pourrais (I could/would be able to)
– Tu pourrais (You could/would be able to)
– Il/elle/on pourrait (He/she/one could/would be able to)
– Nous pourrions (We could/would be able to)
– Vous pourriez (You could/would be able to)
– Ils/elles pourraient (They could/would be able to)

 

Konjunktiv

The subjunctive mood is used to express doubt, possibility, or necessity. Conjugating “pouvoir” in the subjunctive mood yields the following forms:

– Que je puisse (That I may/can)
– Que tu puisses (That you may/can)
– Qu’il/elle/on puisse (That he/she/one may/can)
– Que nous puissions (That we may/can)
– Que vous puissiez (That you may/can)
– Qu’ils/elles puissent (That they may/can)

 

10 example sentences with the word “pouvoir”

Here are 10 example sentences with the word “pouvoir” in different grammatical tenses:

  1. Je peux manger une pomme. (I can eat an apple.) – Present Indicative
  2. Il pouvait courir vite quand il était jeune. (He could run fast when he was young.) – Imperfect Indicative
  3. Elle pourra venir à la fête demain. (She will be able to come to the party tomorrow.) – Future Indicative
  4. Nous pourrions aller au cinéma ce soir. (We could go to the movies tonight.) – Conditional Mood
  5. Il faut que tu puisses le faire. (You need to be able to do it.) – Subjunctive Mood
  6. Peux-tu me passer le sel, s’il te plaît ? (Can you pass me the salt, please?) – Present Indicative (Question)
  7. Nous pouvions nager dans la mer tous les étés. (We could swim in the sea every summer.) – Imperfect Indicative
  8. Je ne pourrais pas venir à la réunion demain. (I won’t be able to come to the meeting tomorrow.) – Future Indicative (Negative)
  9. Si tu le veux vraiment, tu peux le faire. (If you really want it, you can do it.) – Present Indicative (Conditional)
  10. Il est possible qu’ils puissent résoudre le problème. (It is possible that they can solve the problem.) – Subjunctive Mood (Uncertainty)

These examples showcase the versatility of the French verb “pouvoir” in various tenses and moods, allowing you to express different shades of meaning and possibilities in your conversations.

 

Sammanfattning

The French verb “pouvoir” is a highly versatile verb that allows you to express a wide range of abilities, possibilities, and permissions. Whether you are discussing the present, past, or future, or conveying hypothetical situations or doubts, knowing how to conjugate “pouvoir” correctly is essential for effective communication in the French language. With the conjugation patterns provided in this article, you can confidently use “pouvoir” in various contexts and broaden your mastery of French grammar and syntax.