Exercícios de gramática alemã para praticar e melhorar

Learning German grammar can be challenging, but with regular practice, you can master it efficiently. In this article, we’ll look into various exercises designed to help you enhance your German grammar skills.

 

Noun Declension

Nouns in German change their form based on their role in a sentence (case) and their gender. Here are some exercises to practice noun declension:

  1. Identify the Gender: Choose the correct definite article (der, die, das) for each noun.

    • Exemplo: ___ Tisch (der)
  2. Complete the Declension: Fill in the blanks with the appropriate declension of the noun.

    • Exemplo: Ich habe ___ (der) Buch gelesen.

 

Verb Conjugation

Verbs in German change their form depending on the subject and tense. Here are exercises to practice verb conjugation:

  1. Tempo presente: Conjugate the verbs in the present tense according to the subject.

    • Exemplo: Ich (arbeiten) -> Ich arbeite
  2. Past Tense: Change the sentences from present to past tense.

    • Exemplo: Ich gehe zur Schule. -> Ich ___ zur Schule.

 

Sentence Structure

Understanding sentence structure is crucial for forming coherent sentences in German. Try these exercises:

  1. Word Order: Rearrange the words to form grammatically correct sentences.

    • Exemplo: (ich/lese/Bücher) -> Ich lese Bücher.
  2. Subordinate Clauses: Identify and correct errors in subordinate clauses.

    • Exemplo: Ich habe Hausaufgaben gemacht, weil ich müde. -> Ich habe Hausaufgaben gemacht, weil ich müde bin.

 

Articles and Pronouns

Articles and pronouns play a significant role in German grammar. Here are exercises to practice their usage:

  1. Article Usage: Choose the correct article for each noun.

    • Exemplo: ___ Tisch (der)
  2. Pronoun Replacement: Replace the underlined noun with the appropriate pronoun.

    • Exemplo: Maria hat den Kuchen gebacken. -> ___ hat den Kuchen gebacken.