Conjugação do verbo francês "Montrer"

The French language is renowned for its rich vocabulary and intricate grammar rules. One fundamental aspect of French grammar is verb conjugation. In this article, we will focus on the conjugation of the verb “montrer,” which means “to show” in English. Conjugation is the process of altering the verb to match the subject and tense of a sentence, and it is a key component of mastering French grammar.

 

Present Tense Conjugation

In the present tense, “montrer” is conjugated differently depending on the subject pronoun. Here is the conjugation for “montrer” in the present tense:

– Je montre (I show)
– Tu montres (You show)
– Il/elle/on montre (He/she/one shows)
– Nous montrons (We show)
– Vous montrez (You show)
– Ils/elles montrent (They show)

 

Past Tense Conjugation

The past tense in French is divided into several forms, including the passé composé, the imparfait, and the passé simple. Let’s focus on the passé composé, which is the most commonly used past tense in spoken French.

To form the passé composé of “montrer,” you will need the auxiliary verb “avoir” (to have) or “être” (to be) in the present tense, followed by the past participle of “montrer,” which is “montré.” Here are the conjugations:

Using “avoir”:
– J’ai montré (I showed)
– Tu as montré (You showed)
– Il/elle/on a montré (He/she/one showed)
– Nous avons montré (We showed)
– Vous avez montré (You showed)
– Ils/elles ont montré (They showed)

Using “être” (used when the subject is intransitive, reflexive, or related to motion):
– Je suis montré(e) (I showed)
– Tu es montré(e) (You showed)
– Il/elle/on est montré(e) (He/she/one showed)
– Nous sommes montré(e)s (We showed)
– Vous êtes montré(e)(s) (You showed)
– Ils/elles sont montré(e)s (They showed)

 

Future Tense Conjugation

To express future actions with “montrer,” you can use the future tense. To form the future tense, add the appropriate endings to the infinitive form of “montrer.” Here are the conjugations:

– Je montrerai (I will show)
– Tu montreras (You will show)
– Il/elle/on montrera (He/she/one will show)
– Nous montrerons (We will show)
– Vous montrerez (You will show)
– Ils/elles montreront (They will show)

 

Conditional Conjugation

The conditional mood in French is used to express hypothetical or polite requests. To conjugate “montrer” in the conditional tense, add the conditional endings to the infinitive form:

– Je montrerais (I would show)
– Tu montrerais (You would show)
– Il/elle/on montrerait (He/she/one would show)
– Nous montrerions (We would show)
– Vous montreriez (You would show)
– Ils/elles montreraient (They would show)

 

Imperative Conjugation

The imperative mood is used for giving commands or making requests. Conjugating “montrer” in the imperative is relatively straightforward:

– Montre (Show) – for the singular “tu” form
– Montrons (Let’s show) – for the “nous” form
– Montrez (Show) – for the “vous” form

 

10 example sentences with the word “montrer”

Here are 10 example sentences with the word “montrer” in different grammatical tenses:

  1. Je montrerai ma nouvelle voiture demain. (I will show my new car tomorrow.) – Future tense
  2. Tu me montrais toujours tes dessins quand nous étions enfants. (You used to show me your drawings when we were kids.) – Imperfect tense
  3. Elle a montré son passeport à l’agent de sécurité. (She showed her passport to the security agent.) – Past participle (passé composé)
  4. Nous montrons les photos de nos vacances à nos amis. (We are showing the photos of our vacation to our friends.) – Present tense
  5. Vous montrerez la solution lors de la réunion. (You will show the solution during the meeting.) – Future tense
  6. Ils n’ont jamais montré d’intérêt pour cette activité. (They have never shown any interest in this activity.) – Past participle (passé composé)
  7. Si tu pouvais, tu me montrerais comment résoudre ce problème. (If you could, you would show me how to solve this problem.) – Conditional tense
  8. Le professeur leur a montré comment conjuguer ce verbe. (The teacher showed them how to conjugate this verb.) – Past participle (passé composé)
  9. On me montre la direction à suivre. (They are showing me the direction to follow.) – Present tense
  10. Nous montrions notre affection en public. (We used to show our affection in public.) – Imperfect tense

These sentences illustrate the usage of the verb “montrer” in various grammatical tenses, showcasing its versatility in different contexts.

 

Resumo

Conjugating verbs like “montrer” is a crucial skill in mastering the French language. Whether you’re discussing the present, past, future, conditional, or issuing commands, knowing how to correctly conjugate “montrer” will help you communicate effectively in a variety of situations. Keep practicing, and you’ll become more confident in using this versatile verb in your French conversations.