Conjugatie van het Duitse werkwoord "Sprechen

Het werkwoord “sprechen” in German translates to “to speak” in English. Understanding its conjugation is essential for mastering the German language. Let’s look into the conjugation of “sprechen” in verschillende grammaticale tijden.

 

Tegenwoordige tijd

In the present tense, the conjugation of “sprechen” varies depending on the subject pronoun:

Ich spreche (I speak)
Du sprichst (You speak – singular informal)
Er/sie/es spricht (He/she/it speaks)
Wir sprechen (We speak)
Ihr sprecht (You speak – plural informal)
Sie sprechen (You speak – formal, They speak)

 

Verleden tijd (eenvoudig verleden)

The simple past tense in German is formed differently from English. Here’s the conjugation of “sprechen” in the simple past tense:

Ich sprach (I spoke)
Du sprachst (You spoke – singular informal)
Er/sie/es sprach (He/she/it spoke)
Wir sprachen (We spoke)
Ihr spracht (You spoke – plural informal)
Sie sprachen (You spoke – formal, They spoke)

 

Toekomstige tijd

The future tense in German is often formed using the auxiliary verb “werden” followed by the infinitive form of the main verb. Here’s how “sprechen” is conjugated in the future tense:

Ich werde sprechen (I will speak)
Du wirst sprechen (You will speak – singular informal)
Er/sie/es wird sprechen (He/she/it will speak)
Wir werden sprechen (We will speak)
Ihr werdet sprechen (You will speak – plural informal)
Sie werden sprechen (You will speak – formal, They will speak)

 

Tegenwoordige tijd

De voltooid tegenwoordige tijd in het Duits wordt gevormd met behulp van het hulpwerkwoord “haben” of “sein” (depending on the verb) and the past participle of the main verb. For “sprechen”, the auxiliary verb “haben” is used. Here’s the conjugation:

Ich habe gesprochen (I have spoken)
Du hast gesprochen (You have spoken – singular informal)
Er/sie/es hat gesprochen (He/she/it has spoken)
Wir haben gesprochen (We have spoken)
Ihr habt gesprochen (You have spoken – plural informal)
Sie haben gesprochen (You have spoken – formal, They have spoken)

 

Verleden tijd

The past perfect tense, also known as the pluperfect tense, is formed similarly to the present perfect tense, but with the auxiliary verb conjugated in the past tense. Here’s how “sprechen” is conjugated:

Ich hatte gesprochen (Ik had gesproken)
Du hattest gesprochen (You had spoken – singular informal)
Er/sie/es hatte gesprochen (He/she/it had spoken)
Wir hatten gesprochen (We hadden gesproken)
Ihr hattet gesprochen (You had spoken – plural informal)
Sie hatten gesprochen (You had spoken – formal, They had spoken)

 

Toekomstige voltooid verleden tijd

The future perfect tense is formed using the future tense of the auxiliary verb “haben” of “sein” and the past participle of the main verb. Here’s the conjugation for “sprechen”:

Ich werde gesprochen haben (I will have spoken)
Du wirst gesprochen haben (You will have spoken – singular informal)
Er/sie/es wird gesprochen haben (He/she/it will have spoken)
Wir werden gesprochen haben (We will have spoken)
Ihr werdet gesprochen haben (You will have spoken – plural informal)
Sie werden gesprochen haben (You will have spoken – formal, They will have spoken)