"Sein" i presens

Det tyske verbet “sein” (to be) is essential for expressing various concepts in present tense. Let’s look into how this verb is conjugated and applied in different contexts with examples.

 

Bøyning av “Sein” in Present Tense

In present tense, “sein” konjugeres på følgende måte:

- Ich bin (jeg er)
- Du bist (Du er)
- Er/sie/es ist (Han/hun/det er)
- Wir sind (Vi er)
- Ihr seid (Du er)
- Sie sind (De er/Du er)

Nåtid kalles “präsens” i tysk grammatikk.

 

Bruk av “Sein” in Present Tense

Identifisere eller beskrive identitet

“Ich bin ein Student.” (Jeg er student.)
“Du bist meine Schwester.” (You are my sister.)
“Sie ist Lehrerin.” (Hun er lærer.)

 

Beskrive egenskaper eller attributter

“Er ist groß und schlank.” (He is tall and slim.)
“Sie sind sehr freundlich.” (They are very friendly.)

 

Angivelse av opprinnelse eller nasjonalitet:

“Ich bin aus Deutschland.” (I am from Germany.)
“Sie sind Spanier.” (They are Spanish.)

 

Uttrykke plassering

“Wir sind zu Hause.” (We are at home.)
“Die Bücher sind auf dem Tisch.” (The books are on the table.)

 

Å snakke om yrke eller profesjon

“Er ist Arzt.” (Han er lege.)
“Sie sind Ingenieure.” (They are engineers.)

 

Å uttrykke tid:

“Es ist zwölf Uhr.” (It is twelve o’clock.)
“Heute ist Montag.” (Today is Monday.)

 

Forming av presens progressiv (kontinuerlig) tid

“Ich bin am Lesen.” (I am reading.)
“Er ist am Lernen.” (He is studying.)

 

Spesielle tilfeller

– When referring to the time of day, “sein” is often used impersonally in the third person singular: “Es ist” (It is).
“Es ist halb neun.” (It is half past eight.)

– In informal speech, the pronoun “es” is often omitted, especially in short phrases or sentences.

 

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