“Müssen” – Conjugation of the German Verb

“Müssen” is a fundamental verb in the German language, conveying the concept of necessity or obligation. Understanding its conjugation across different grammatical tenses is crucial for mastering German grammar. Let’s look into its conjugation in various tenses.

 

Nåtid

I presens, “müssen” konjugeres på følgende måte:

  • Ich muss (I must)
  • Du musst (You must)
  • Er/sie/es muss (He/she/it must)
  • Wir müssen (We must)
  • Ihr müsst (You all must)
  • Sie müssen (They must)

 

Enkel fortid

In the simple past tense, the conjugation of “müssen” changes slightly:

  • Ich musste (I had to)
  • Du musstest (You had to)
  • Er/sie/es musste (He/she/it had to)
  • Wir mussten (We had to)
  • Ihr musstet (You all had to)
  • Sie mussten (They had to)

 

Fremtidig tid

To express obligation or necessity in the future tense, “müssen” is conjugated with the helping verb “werden”:

  • Ich werde müssen (I will have to)
  • Du wirst müssen (You will have to)
  • Er/sie/es wird müssen (He/she/it will have to)
  • Wir werden müssen (We will have to)
  • Ihr werdet müssen (You all will have to)
  • Sie werden müssen (They will have to)

 

Perfektum presens

Perfektum i presens av “müssen” dannes ved hjelp av hjelpeverbet “haben” (å ha) og partisipp fortid “gemusst”:

  • Ich habe gemusst (I have had to)
  • Du hast gemusst (You have had to)
  • Er/sie/es hat gemusst (He/she/it has had to)
  • Wir haben gemusst (We have had to)
  • Ihr habt gemusst (You all have had to)
  • Sie haben gemusst (They have had to)

 

Perfektum i fortid

In the past perfect tense, “müssen” also employs the auxiliary verb “haben” with the past participle “gemusst”:

  • Ich hatte gemusst (I had had to)
  • Du hattest gemusst (You had had to)
  • Er/sie/es hatte gemusst (He/she/it had had to)
  • Wir hatten gemusst (We had had to)
  • Ihr hattet gemusst (You all had had to)
  • Sie hatten gemusst (They had had to)

 

Perfektum futurum

For the future perfect tense, “müssen” combines with the auxiliary verb “werden” og partisipp i fortid “gemusst”:

  • Ich werde gemusst haben (I will have had to)
  • Du wirst gemusst haben (You will have had to)
  • Er/sie/es wird gemusst haben (He/she/it will have had to)
  • Wir werden gemusst haben (We will have had to)
  • Ihr werdet gemusst haben (You all will have had to)
  • Sie werden gemusst haben (They will have had to)