Bøyning av det franske verbet "Dire"

“dire” is one of the most essential verbs in French. In this article, we will explore the conjugation of the verb “dire” in all of its tenses and moods, helping you gain a better understanding of how to use it effectively in your French conversations and writing.

 

Definition of “Dire”

Before diving into the conjugation of “dire,” let’s start with a brief definition. “Dire” is a versatile verb that means “to say” or “to tell.” It is used to express various forms of communication, making it an essential component of everyday French language.

 

Conjugating “Dire” in the Present Tense

The present tense in French is used to describe actions that are happening right now or habitual actions. Here’s how you conjugate “dire” in the present tense:

– Je dis (I say/tell)
– Tu dis (You say/tell)
– Il/Elle/On dit (He/She/One says/tells)
– Nous disons (We say/tell)
– Vous dites (You say/tell)
– Ils/Elles disent (They say/tell)

 

Conjugating “Dire” in the Past Tenses

1. Passé Composé:

The passé composé is used to describe actions that occurred in the past. To form it, you need the auxiliary verb “avoir” and the past participle of “dire,” which is “dit.”

– J’ai dit (I said/told)
– Tu as dit (You said/told)
– Il/Elle/On a dit (He/She/One said/told)
– Nous avons dit (We said/told)
– Vous avez dit (You said/told)
– Ils/Elles ont dit (They said/told)

 

2. Imparfait:

The imperfect tense is used to describe ongoing or habitual actions in the past. To conjugate “dire” in the imperfect tense, you use the stem “dis-” and add the appropriate endings:

– Je disais (I was saying/telling)
– Tu disais (You were saying/telling)
– Il/Elle/On disait (He/She/One was saying/telling)
– Nous disions (We were saying/telling)
– Vous disiez (You were saying/telling)
– Ils/Elles disaient (They were saying/telling)

 

Conjugating “Dire” in the Future Tenses

1. Futur Simple

The future simple tense is used to describe actions that will happen in the future. To conjugate “dire” in the future simple, you use the following forms:

– Je dirai (I will say/tell)
– Tu diras (You will say/tell)
– Il/Elle/On dira (He/She/One will say/tell)
– Nous dirons (We will say/tell)
– Vous direz (You will say/tell)
– Ils/Elles diront (They will say/tell)

 

2. Futur Antérieur

The futur antérieur is used to describe actions that will have occurred before another action in the future. To form it, you use the future tense of the auxiliary verb “avoir” and the past participle “dit.”

– J’aurai dit (I will have said/told)
– Tu auras dit (You will have said/told)
– Il/Elle/On aura dit (He/She/One will have said/told)
– Nous aurons dit (We will have said/told)
– Vous aurez dit (You will have said/told)
– Ils/Elles auront dit (They will have said/told)

 

Conjugating “Dire” in the Subjunctive Mood

The subjunctive mood is used to express doubt, desire, or hypothetical situations. Here’s how you conjugate “dire” in the subjunctive:

– Que je dise (That I say/tell)
– Que tu dises (That you say/tell)
– Qu’il/elle/on dise (That he/she/one says/tells)
– Que nous disions (That we say/tell)
– Que vous disiez (That you say/tell)
– Qu’ils/elles disent (That they say/tell)

 

10 example sentences with the word “dire”

Here are 10 example sentences with the word “dire” in different grammatical tenses:

  1. Il dit la vérité. (He tells the truth.) – Present tense
  2. J’ai dit bonjour ce matin. (I said hello this morning.) – Passé composé
  3. Elle disait toujours la même chose. (She used to always say the same thing.) – Imparfait
  4. Nous dirons notre opinion. (We will state our opinion.) – Futur simple
  5. Vous aurez dit la réponse demain. (You will have said the answer tomorrow.) – Futur antérieur
  6. Il faut que tu dises la vérité. (You must say the truth.) – Subjunctive present
  7. Quand j’entendrai son message, je dirai oui. (When I hear his message, I will say yes.) – Future simple
  8. Elle a dit qu’elle viendrait plus tard. (She said she would come later.) – Passé composé
  9. Ils diraient n’importe quoi pour gagner. (They would say anything to win.) – Conditional present
  10. Je dirais que c’est une bonne idée. (I would say it’s a good idea.) – Conditional present

These sentences showcase various tenses and moods in which the verb “dire” can be used, allowing you to better understand its versatility in the French language.

 

Sammendrag

Conjugating the French verb “dire” may seem complex at first, but with practice, you can master its various tenses and moods. Whether you’re expressing something in the present, recounting a past event, or speculating about the future, knowing how to conjugate “dire” will be invaluable in your French language journey. So, keep practicing, and soon you’ll be confidently using “dire” in your conversations and writing.