Konjugation des französischen Verbs "Vouloir"

One of the most frequently used and versatile verbs in French is “vouloir,” which translates to “to want” or “to wish” in English. Understanding and correctly applying its conjugation is crucial for anyone learning the language. In this article, we will explore the conjugation of the verb “vouloir” in different tenses and moods, shedding light on its nuances and usage.

 

Basic Conjugation in the Present Tense

Let’s begin with the present tense, where “vouloir” expresses desires, preferences, and requests in the present moment. Here is how “vouloir” is conjugated in the present tense:

1. Je veux (I want)
2. Tu veux (You want – informal)
3. Il/elle/on veut (He/she/one wants)
4. Nous voulons (We want)
5. Vous voulez (You want – formal/plural)
6. Ils/elles veulent (They want)

These forms are the foundation for expressing your desires or wishes in the present tense. For instance, “Je veux un café” means “I want a coffee.”

 

Konjugation in anderen Zeitformen

The versatility of “vouloir” shines through when conjugated in different tenses and moods:

 

1. **Imparfait (Imperfect):** Used for ongoing desires or wishes in the past.

– Je voulais (I wanted)
– Tu voulais (You wanted – informal)
– Il/elle/on voulait (He/she/one wanted)
– Nous voulions (We wanted)
– Vous vouliez (You wanted – formal/plural)
– Ils/elles voulaient (They wanted)

Example: “Quand j’étais enfant, je voulais devenir astronaute” (When I was a child, I wanted to become an astronaut).

 

2. **Passé Composé (Compound Past):** Used for completed desires or wishes in the past.

– J’ai voulu (I wanted)
– Tu as voulu (You wanted – informal)
– Il/elle/on a voulu (He/she/one wanted)
– Nous avons voulu (We wanted)
– Vous avez voulu (You wanted – formal/plural)
– Ils/elles ont voulu (They wanted)

Example: “Hier, j’ai voulu acheter un nouveau livre” (Yesterday, I wanted to buy a new book).

 

3. **Futur Simple (Simple Future):** Used for expressing future desires or wishes.

– Je voudrai (I will want)
– Tu voudras (You will want – informal)
– Il/elle/on voudra (He/she/one will want)
– Nous voudrons (We will want)
– Vous voudrez (You will want – formal/plural)
– Ils/elles voudront (They will want)

Example: “Demain, je voudrai visiter le musée” (Tomorrow, I will want to visit the museum).

 

4. **Conditionnel Présent (Present Conditional):** Used for expressing hypothetical desires or wishes.

– Je voudrais (I would want)
– Tu voudrais (You would want – informal)
– Il/elle/on voudrait (He/she/one would want)
– Nous voudrions (We would want)
– Vous voudriez (You would want – formal/plural)
– Ils/elles voudraient (They would want)

Example: “Si j’avais de l’argent, je voudrais voyager” (If I had money, I would want to travel).

 

The Subjunctive Mood

The subjunctive mood is used to express doubt, uncertainty, or subjective opinions. The conjugation of “vouloir” in the subjunctive mood is as follows:

1. **Présent du Subjonctif (Present Subjunctive):**

– Que je veuille (That I want)
– Que tu veuilles (That you want)
– Qu’il/elle/on veuille (That he/she/one wants)
– Que nous voulions (That we want)
– Que vous vouliez (That you want)
– Qu’ils/elles veuillent (That they want)

Example: “Il faut que tu veuilles apprendre le français” (You must want to learn French).

 

2. **Imparfait du Subjonctif (Imperfect Subjunctive):**

– Que je voulusse (That I wanted)
– Que tu voulusses (That you wanted)
– Qu’il/elle/on voulût (That he/she/one wanted)
– Que nous voulussions (That we wanted)
– Que vous voulussiez (That you wanted)
– Qu’ils/elles voulussent (That they wanted)

Example: “Je doutais qu’il voulût partir” (I doubted that he wanted to leave).

 

10 example sentences with the word “vouloir”

Here are 10 example sentences with the word “vouloir” in different grammatical tenses:

  1. Je veux apprendre le français. (I want to learn French.) – Present tense
  2. Il voulait un gâteau pour son anniversaire. (He wanted a cake for his birthday.) – Imperfect tense
  3. Elle a voulu partir tôt ce matin. (She wanted to leave early this morning.) – Compound past tense
  4. Nous voudrons visiter Paris l’année prochaine. (We will want to visit Paris next year.) – Simple future tense
  5. Si tu le voulais, tu pourrais réussir. (If you wanted to, you could succeed.) – Present conditional tense
  6. Que vous vouliez ou non, il faut le faire. (Whether you want to or not, you have to do it.) – Present subjunctive tense
  7. Je doutais qu’il voulût m’accompagner. (I doubted that he wanted to accompany me.) – Imperfect subjunctive tense
  8. Elle aura voulu nous aider à préparer le dîner. (She will have wanted to help us prepare dinner.) – Future perfect tense
  9. Ils voulaient des billets pour le concert. (They wanted tickets for the concert.) – Imperfect tense
  10. J’ai demandé s’ils veulent du café. (I asked if they want some coffee.) – Present tense (indirect question)

 

Zusammenfassung

The French verb “vouloir” is a fundamental and versatile component of the language, allowing speakers to express desires, wishes, requests, and preferences in various tenses and moods. Mastering its conjugation is a key step towards fluency and effective communication in French. Whether you’re expressing a simple want in the present tense or a hypothetical desire in the conditional mood, understanding how to conjugate “vouloir” correctly will help you navigate the intricate landscape of the French language with confidence.