Konjugation des französischen Verbs "Prendre"

One of the fundamental verbs that every French learner must conquer is “prendre.” As a versatile and frequently used verb, mastering its conjugation is crucial for effective communication in French. In this article, we will delve into the intricacies of conjugating “prendre” in various tenses and moods, helping you become a more confident and proficient French speaker.

 

Basic Conjugation

In its infinitive form, “prendre” means “to take.” To use this verb effectively in different contexts, it’s essential to learn its conjugation in the present indicative tense, which is the most basic form of conjugation:

- Je prends (Ich nehme)
– Tu prends (You take, informal singular)
– Il/elle/on prend (He/she/one takes)
- Nous prenons (Wir nehmen)
– Vous prenez (You take, formal singular and plural)
– Ils/elles prennent (They take)

Now, let’s explore how “prendre” is conjugated in various other tenses and moods:

 

1. The Past Tenses

a) Passé Composé

The passé composé is the most common past tense in French and is formed using the auxiliary verb “avoir” (to have) or “être” (to be) with the past participle of the main verb. In the case of “prendre,” the auxiliary verb is “avoir.” The past participle of “prendre” is “pris.”

– J’ai pris (I took)
– Tu as pris (You took, informal singular)
– Il/elle/on a pris (He/she/one took)
– Nous avons pris (We took)
– Vous avez pris (You took, formal singular and plural)
– Ils/elles ont pris (They took)

 

b) Imparfait

The imparfait is used for describing ongoing or habitual actions in the past. To conjugate “prendre” in the imparfait, you take the present tense stem (“prenn-“) and add the appropriate endings:

– Je prenais (I used to take)
– Tu prenais (You used to take, informal singular)
– Il/elle/on prenait (He/she/one used to take)
– Nous prenions (We used to take)
– Vous preniez (You used to take, formal singular and plural)
– Ils/elles prenaient (They used to take)

 

2. The Future and Conditional Tenses

a) Future:

The future tense is used to describe actions that will happen in the future. To conjugate “prendre” in the future tense, add the appropriate endings to the infinitive stem “prendr-“:

– Je prendrai (I will take)
– Tu prendras (You will take, informal singular)
– Il/elle/on prendra (He/she/one will take)
– Nous prendrons (We will take)
– Vous prendrez (You will take, formal singular and plural)
– Ils/elles prendront (They will take)

 

b) Conditional

The conditional mood is used to express actions that are dependent on a condition. To conjugate “prendre” in the conditional, use the same stem as the future tense and add the appropriate endings:

– Je prendrais (I would take)
– Tu prendrais (You would take, informal singular)
– Il/elle/on prendrait (He/she/one would take)
– Nous prendrions (We would take)
– Vous prendriez (You would take, formal singular and plural)
– Ils/elles prendraient (They would take)

 

3. The Subjunctive Mood

The subjunctive mood is used to express doubt, uncertainty, or desire. Conjugating “prendre” in the subjunctive involves using the present subjunctive stem “prenn-” and adding the appropriate endings:

– Que je prenne (That I take)
– Que tu prennes (That you take, informal singular)
– Qu’il/elle/on prenne (That he/she/one takes)
– Que nous prenions (That we take)
– Que vous preniez (That you take, formal singular and plural)
– Qu’ils/elles prennent (That they take)

 

10 example sentences with the word “prendre”

Here are 10 example sentences with the word “prendre” in different grammatical tenses:

  1. Je prends un livre. (I am taking a book.) – Present Indicative
  2. Tu prendras le train demain. (You will take the train tomorrow.) – Future Simple
  3. Il prendrait un parapluie s’il pleuvait. (He would take an umbrella if it were raining.) – Conditional
  4. Nous prenions notre petit-déjeuner quand il est arrivé. (We were having our breakfast when he arrived.) – Imperfect
  5. Vous avez pris un café ce matin. (You had a coffee this morning.) – Present Perfect
  6. Elles prendront des photos pendant leurs vacances. (They will take pictures during their vacation.) – Future Simple
  7. On doit prendre une décision rapidement. (We must make a decision quickly.) – Present Infinitive
  8. Il faut que tu prennes cette médication. (You need to take this medication.) – Present Subjunctive
  9. Elle avait pris un taxi pour rentrer chez elle. (She had taken a taxi to go back home.) – Pluperfect
  10. Les enfants prendront le bus pour l’école demain. (The children will take the bus to school tomorrow.) – Future Simple

These examples showcase the versatility of the verb “prendre” in different tenses and moods, illustrating how it can be used in various contexts to convey different meanings.

 

Zusammenfassung

Conjugating the French verb “prendre” is a fundamental skill for anyone learning the language. It can be used in a wide range of situations, making it a valuable addition to your French vocabulary. By understanding and practicing the various tenses and moods presented in this article, you’ll be well on your way to becoming a more proficient and confident French speaker. So, take the time to study and practice “prendre” conjugations, and you’ll find that mastering this verb is a rewarding step on your journey to French fluency.