“Müssen” – Conjugation of the German Verb

“Müssen” is a fundamental verb in the German language, conveying the concept of necessity or obligation. Understanding its conjugation across different grammatical tenses is crucial for mastering German grammar. Let’s look into its conjugation in various tenses.

 

Nutid

I nutid, “müssen” konjugeres på følgende måde:

  • Ich muss (I must)
  • Du musst (You must)
  • Er/sie/es muss (He/she/it must)
  • Wir müssen (We must)
  • Ihr müsst (You all must)
  • Sie müssen (They must)

 

Simpel datid

I simpel datid er bøjningen af “müssen” ændrer sig en smule:

  • Ich musste (I had to)
  • Du musstest (You had to)
  • Er/sie/es musste (He/she/it had to)
  • Wir mussten (We had to)
  • Ihr musstet (You all had to)
  • Sie mussten (They had to)

 

Fremtidig datid

To express obligation or necessity in the future tense, “müssen” is conjugated with the helping verb “werden”:

  • Ich werde müssen (I will have to)
  • Du wirst müssen (You will have to)
  • Er/sie/es wird müssen (He/she/it will have to)
  • Wir werden müssen (We will have to)
  • Ihr werdet müssen (You all will have to)
  • Sie werden müssen (They will have to)

 

Perfektum nutid

Perfektum nutid af “müssen” dannes ved hjælp af hjælpeverbet “haben” (at have) og datids participium “gemusst”:

  • Ich habe gemusst (I have had to)
  • Du hast gemusst (You have had to)
  • Er/sie/es hat gemusst (He/she/it has had to)
  • Wir haben gemusst (We have had to)
  • Ihr habt gemusst (You all have had to)
  • Sie haben gemusst (They have had to)

 

Perfektum datid

In the past perfect tense, “müssen” also employs the auxiliary verb “haben” med datids participium “gemusst”:

  • Ich hatte gemusst (I had had to)
  • Du hattest gemusst (You had had to)
  • Er/sie/es hatte gemusst (He/she/it had had to)
  • Wir hatten gemusst (We had had to)
  • Ihr hattet gemusst (You all had had to)
  • Sie hatten gemusst (They had had to)

 

Perfektum fremtid

For the future perfect tense, “müssen” kombineres med hjælpeverbet “werden” og datids participium “gemusst”:

  • Ich werde gemusst haben (I will have had to)
  • Du wirst gemusst haben (You will have had to)
  • Er/sie/es wird gemusst haben (He/she/it will have had to)
  • Wir werden gemusst haben (We will have had to)
  • Ihr werdet gemusst haben (You all will have had to)
  • Sie werden gemusst haben (They will have had to)