Conjugation of the French Verb “Sortir”

The French language is renowned for its complex system of verb conjugations, and one such verb that follows this intricate pattern is “sortir.” In this article, we will delve into the conjugation of “sortir” in various tenses and moods, helping you master this essential verb in French.

 

Present Tense

In the present tense, “sortir” conjugates as follows:

– Je sors (I go out)
– Tu sors (You go out)
– Il/elle/on sort (He/she/one goes out)
– Nous sortons (We go out)
– Vous sortez (You go out)
– Ils/elles sortent (They go out)

 

Past Tenses

 

1. Passé Composé

To form the passé composé, you need to use the auxiliary verb “être” and the past participle of “sortir.” The past participle for “sortir” is “sorti.” Here’s how it looks:

– Je suis sorti(e) (I went out)
– Tu es sorti(e) (You went out)
– Il/elle/on est sorti(e) (He/she/one went out)
– Nous sommes sorti(e)s (We went out)
– Vous êtes sorti(e)(s) (You went out)
– Ils/elles sont sorti(e)s (They went out)

 

2. Imparfait

The imperfect tense is used to describe ongoing or habitual actions in the past. To conjugate “sortir” in the imperfect tense, use the following endings:

– Je sortais (I used to go out)
– Tu sortais (You used to go out)
– Il/elle/on sortait (He/she/one used to go out)
– Nous sortions (We used to go out)
– Vous sortiez (You used to go out)
– Ils/elles sortaient (They used to go out)

 

3. Passé Simple

The passé simple is a literary tense used primarily in written French. The conjugation of “sortir” in this tense is as follows:

– Je sortis (I went out)
– Tu sortis (You went out)
– Il/elle/on sortit (He/she/one went out)
– Nous sortîmes (We went out)
– Vous sortîtes (You went out)
– Ils/elles sortirent (They went out)

 

Future Tense

To express future actions, use the future tense. Conjugating “sortir” in the future tense is straightforward:

– Je sortirai (I will go out)
– Tu sortiras (You will go out)
– Il/elle/on sortira (He/she/one will go out)
– Nous sortirons (We will go out)
– Vous sortirez (You will go out)
– Ils/elles sortiront (They will go out)

 

Conditional Mood

In the conditional mood, “sortir” is conjugated as follows:

– Je sortirais (I would go out)
– Tu sortirais (You would go out)
– Il/elle/on sortirait (He/she/one would go out)
– Nous sortirions (We would go out)
– Vous sortiriez (You would go out)
– Ils/elles sortiraient (They would go out)

 

Subjunctive Mood

The subjunctive mood is used for uncertain or hypothetical situations. The conjugation of “sortir” in the subjunctive mood is as follows:

– Que je sorte (That I go out)
– Que tu sortes (That you go out)
– Qu’il/elle/on sorte (That he/she/one go out)
– Que nous sortions (That we go out)
– Que vous sortiez (That you go out)
– Qu’ils/elles sortent (That they go out)

 

Imperative Mood

When giving commands or instructions, you can use the imperative mood. Here’s how to conjugate “sortir” in the imperative:

– Sors (Go out) [tu form]
– Sortons (Let’s go out) [nous form]
– Sortez (Go out) [vous form]

 

10 example sentences with the word “sortir”

Here are 10 example sentences with the word “sortir” in different grammatical tenses:

  1. Je sors tous les matins pour aller travailler. (I go out every morning to go to work.) – Present Tense
  2. Elle est sortie de la maison il y a une heure. (She went out of the house an hour ago.) – Passé Composé
  3. Nous sortions souvent ensemble pendant notre enfance. (We used to go out together often during our childhood.) – Imparfait
  4. Il sortit soudainement de la pièce. (He suddenly went out of the room.) – Passé Simple
  5. Demain, je sortirai avec mes amis. (Tomorrow, I will go out with my friends.) – Future Tense
  6. Si j’avais le temps, je sortirais ce soir. (If I had the time, I would go out tonight.) – Conditional Mood
  7. Il faut que nous sortions immédiatement ! (We need to go out immediately!) – Subjunctive Mood
  8. Sors de la voiture tout de suite ! (Get out of the car right now!) – Imperative Mood
  9. Quand il sortira de l’école, je l’attendrai à la porte. (When he comes out of school, I will wait for him at the door.) – Future Tense
  10. Elle craignait que je ne sorte pas avec elle. (She was afraid that I wouldn’t go out with her.) – Subjunctive Mood

These sentences showcase various tenses and moods in which the verb “sortir” can be used, illustrating its versatility in the French language.

 

Summary

Understanding the conjugation of the French verb “sortir” is essential for anyone looking to communicate effectively in French. Whether you’re discussing past actions, describing ongoing events, or making plans for the future, knowing how to use “sortir” correctly in different tenses and moods will greatly enhance your fluency in the language. Practice and repetition are key to mastering these conjugations, so keep practicing, and you’ll become more confident in using “sortir” and other French verbs in your conversations.