Conjugation of the French Verb “Mettre”

The French language boasts a rich and diverse array of verbs, each with its own unique conjugation patterns. One such verb is “mettre,” which translates to “to put” or “to place” in English. Understanding how to conjugate “mettre” is essential for anyone learning French, as it is a frequently used verb in everyday conversation. In this article, we will explore the conjugation of “mettre” in various tenses and moods, allowing you to confidently use this versatile verb in different contexts.

 

Present Tense (Présent)

In the present tense, “mettre” is conjugated as follows:

– Je mets (I put)
– Tu mets (You put, informal singular)
– Il/elle/on met (He/she/one puts)
– Nous mettons (We put)
– Vous mettez (You put, formal singular and plural)
– Ils/elles mettent (They put)

For example:

– Je mets le livre sur la table. (I put the book on the table.)
– Nous mettons nos chaussures avant de sortir. (We put on our shoes before going out.)

 

Past Tense (Passé Composé)

To form the past tense (passé composé) of “mettre,” you need to use the auxiliary verb “avoir” and the past participle “mis.” The conjugation is as follows:

– J’ai mis (I put)
– Tu as mis (You put, informal singular)
– Il/elle/on a mis (He/she/one put)
– Nous avons mis (We put)
– Vous avez mis (You put, formal singular and plural)
– Ils/elles ont mis (They put)

For example:

– J’ai mis les clés dans la boîte. (I put the keys in the box.)
– Ils ont mis beaucoup d’efforts dans ce projet. (They put a lot of effort into this project.)

 

Imperfect Tense (Imparfait)

The imperfect tense (imparfait) of “mettre” is used to describe ongoing or habitual actions in the past. To conjugate it, follow this pattern:

– Je mettais (I was putting, I used to put)
– Tu mettais (You were putting, You used to put, informal singular)
– Il/elle/on mettait (He/she/one was putting, He/she/one used to put)
– Nous mettions (We were putting, We used to put)
– Vous mettiez (You were putting, You used to put, formal singular and plural)
– Ils/elles mettaient (They were putting, They used to put)

For example:
– Quand j’étais jeune, je mettais toujours ma veste. (When I was young, I always used to put on my jacket.)
– Ils mettaient de la musique douce pour se détendre. (They used to put on soft music to relax.)

 

Future Tense (Futur Simple)

The future tense (futur simple) of “mettre” is used to talk about actions that will happen in the future. To conjugate it, use the following pattern:

– Je mettrai (I will put)
– Tu mettras (You will put, informal singular)
– Il/elle/on mettra (He/she/one will put)
– Nous mettrons (We will put)
– Vous mettrez (You will put, formal singular and plural)
– Ils/elles mettront (They will put)

For example:

– Demain, je mettrai mon costume pour l’entretien d’embauche. (Tomorrow, I will put on my suit for the job interview.)
– Ils mettront les tables pour la fête. (They will set the tables for the party.)

 

Subjunctive Mood (Subjonctif)

The subjunctive mood is used to express doubt, desire, or uncertainty. To conjugate “mettre” in the subjunctive mood, use the following pattern:

– Que je mette (That I put)
– Que tu mettes (That you put, informal singular)
– Qu’il/elle/on mette (That he/she/one put)
– Que nous mettions (That we put)
– Que vous mettiez (That you put, formal singular and plural)
– Qu’ils/elles mettent (That they put)

For example:

– Il faut que tu mettes cette robe pour la cérémonie. (You need to put on this dress for the ceremony.)
– Je souhaite qu’ils mettent plus d’efforts dans leur travail. (I wish they would put more effort into their work.)

 

10 example sentences with the word “mettre”

Here are 10 example sentences with the word “mettre” in different grammatical tenses:

  1. Je mets mon manteau avant de sortir. (I put on my coat before going out.) – Present Tense
  2. Tu as mis les clés sur la table. (You put the keys on the table.) – Past Tense (Passé Composé)
  3. Il mettait toujours son chapeau en été. (He used to put on his hat in the summer.) – Imperfect Tense (Imparfait)
  4. Nous mettrons les livres dans la bibliothèque demain. (We will put the books in the library tomorrow.) – Future Tense (Futur Simple)
  5. Il faut que tu mettes ces documents dans le classeur. (You need to put these documents in the binder.) – Subjunctive Mood (Subjonctif)
  6. Elles ont mis des fleurs dans le vase. (They put flowers in the vase.) – Past Tense (Passé Composé)
  7. Nous mettions de la musique pour danser. (We used to put on music to dance.) – Imperfect Tense (Imparfait)
  8. Vous mettrez le gâteau au four pendant 30 minutes. (You will put the cake in the oven for 30 minutes.) – Future Tense (Futur Simple)
  9. Il est important qu’elle mette son nom sur le formulaire. (It’s important that she puts her name on the form.) – Subjunctive Mood (Subjonctif)
  10. Les enfants mettent leurs jouets dans le coffre. (The children are putting their toys in the trunk.) – Present Tense

 

Summary

The French verb “mettre” is a versatile and frequently used verb, and understanding its conjugation is essential for effective communication in French. Whether you’re talking about everyday activities, past experiences, or future plans, knowing how to correctly conjugate “mettre” in various tenses and moods will help you express yourself with confidence in the French language.